Promoting Dialogue on South Africa's Regional Integration Role in Southern Africa
(Policy Brief No. 36)

cover polbrief vol36This CCR policy brief is based on two public dialogues held in Cape Town on 22 March 2017 on "South Africa's Corporate Expansion in Southern Africa", and on 4 May 2017 on "Powerful Trade Unions: South African Drivers of Regional Economic Growth?". The meetings were hosted by CCR and the Johannesburg-based Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES).

File type: PDF (685KB)
Posted to the Web: 6 July 2017

Governance and Security Challenges in Post-Apartheid Southern Africa
(Seminar Report No. 43)

This CCR report considers the key governance and security challenges facing Southern Africa, with a focus on the 15-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) sub-region's progress towards democracy, and its peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding efforts — particularly in Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Madagascar.
File type: PDF (1.59MB)
Posted to the Web: 2 October 2013

Governance and Security Challenges in Post-Apartheid Southern Africa
(Policy Brief No. 18)

This CCR policy brief considers the key governance and security challenges facing Southern Africa, with a focus on the 15-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) sub-region's progress towards democracy, and its peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding efforts — particularly in Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Madagascar.
File type:PDF (274KB)
Posted to the Web: 27 August 2013

 

South Africa in Southern Africa
(Policy Brief No. 16)

CCR's latest policy brief is based on a policy advisory group meeting which took place at Erinvale Estate, Western Cape, South Africa, from 19-20 November 2012. The meeting focused on seven key themes relating to regional integration in Southern Africa: the history of regionalism; peace and security; the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), and South Africa's development finance institutions (DFIs); democratic governance; South Africa's sub-regional role; migration and food security; and the role of the European Union (EU) and China.
File type: PDF (281KB)
Posted to the Web: 18 April 2013

South Africa in Southern Africa
(Seminar Report No. 40)

This CCR seminar report is based on a policy advisory group meeting which took place at Erinvale Estate, Western Cape, South Africa, from 19-20 November 2012. The meeting focused on seven key themes relating to regional integration in Southern Africa: the history of regionalism; peace and security; the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), and South Africa's development finance institutions (DFIs); democratic governance; South Africa's sub-regional role; migration and food security; and the role of the European Union (EU) and China.
File type: PDF (1.38MB)
Posted to the Web: 8 April 2013

The Southern African Development Community's (Sadc's) relative lack of comment on disputes in Zimbabwe's unity government between President Robert Mugabe's Zanu (PF) and the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has been interpreted as an indication that Sadc's strategy of "constructive engagement" with the regime constitutes appeasement. It is a view bolstered by Sadc's previous lack of criticism of Mugabe following widespread political repression and the economic crises in Zimbabwe since the end of the 1990s.

However, the criticism fails to take account of recent criticism by Sadc leaders of state intimidation and violence, and strong calls for the timely completion of a Parliament-led constitutional reform process in advance of elections scheduled for next year. Nor does such scepticism lend sufficient credit to the body's sustained support for intra-Zimbabwean dialogue — currently facilitated by President Jacob Zuma. Recent signs indicate that some positive outcomes are starting to emerge from the peace process, which was initiated in September 2008, when former president Thabo Mbeki brought together Mugabe and the leaders of the two MDC formations, Morgan Tsvangirai and Arthur Mutambara, to sign the Global Political Agreement (GPA).

The GPA identified the restoration of economic stability as a key issue to be addressed by Zimbabwe's power-sharing government established in February 2009. In addition to the increasing political repression, the country experienced an economic crisis between 2000 and 2008 that saw living standards and life expectancy fall more rapidly than anywhere else in the world. Regionally, Southern African economies are estimated to have lost more than $36bn in potential investments in Zimbabwe as a result.

In response, the government launched a short-term economic recovery plan in 2009, and has since formulated a medium-term plan for 2010-15. Hyperinflation has been curbed and capacity use in the manufacturing and service sectors has improved. But fundamental problems persist, relating to constrained infrastructural capacity, foreign currency reserves, investment and liquidity levels, skills shortages, government finance, and corruption. Most Zimbabweans continue to rely on the informal economy for survival. Even formally employed workers are often unable to make ends meet.

In 2008, Zimbabwe's health sector had almost completely collapsed due to internal crises as well as deep cuts in social spending imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank from the early 1990s. In recent years, maternal and infant mortality rates have worsened and serious outbreaks of cholera, tuberculosis and malaria have taken their toll.

Land reform caused huge instability in Zimbabwe after a market-based approach failed to transform ownership patterns. A hasty land redistribution programme in 2000, under which the government expropriated 11-million hectares held by 4500 white commercial farmers, led to international sanctions, the loss of jobs for most farm workers and a decline in agricultural production.

Proper reform of the security sector — and complementary reform of the political sector — have become key challenges that need to be met to address the pervasive engagement of the military, intelligence and policing agencies in Zimbabwean politics.

The government of national unity (GNU) has said it needs $10bn a year for its national reconstruction efforts. However, the government has so far failed to attract significant funds from western donors and China.

External aid and loans, which crumbled in the wake of sanctions imposed by the IMF, the World Bank and other western donors in 2000, have not been substantially revived, although the GNU has sought to provide a framework to enable Zimbabwe to access such financing.

The challenges facing Zimbabwe are huge and complex; and a clear demonstration of common political will by the parties to the GPA will be needed on the road to national recovery.

With tensions increasing within Zanu (PF) following veteran leader and struggle hero Solomon Mujuru's recent mysterious death, every effort must be made to return Zimbabwe to its citizens by harnessing popular support for, and participation in, reconstruction policies and efforts.

Mwalubunju is a senior manager and Otitodun a researcher at the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town.

 



Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
(Policy Brief No. 4)

This CCR policy brief is based on a policy advisory group meeting, held on 19-20 April 2010, in response to a request from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretariat in Botswana, to assess the challenges of post-conflict reconstruction in the DRC. The report discusses strategic mechanisms for enhancing the effectiveness of the Congolese government, SADC, civil society, the United Nations, and the international community, in consolidating peace and security in the DRC.
File type:PDF (306KB)
Updated on the Web: 5 April 2011

http://dev.ccr.org.za/index.php/media-release/publications/reports/seminar-reports/item/976-acp-eu

Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
(Seminar Report No. 36)

CCR's latest seminar report is based on a policy advisory group meeting held in Cape Town, South Africa, from 19-20 April 2010. The meeting, which was held in response to a request from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat in Botswana, assessed the challenges of post-conflict reconstruction in the DRC. The seminar discussed strategic mechanisms for enhancing the effectiveness of the Congolese government, SADC, civil society, the United Nations (UN), and the international community, in consolidating peace and security in the DRC.
File type: PDF (1.64MB)
Posted to the Web: 1 April 2011

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